The seismic events that have damaged cities and towns in central Italy in recent years destroyed, or irreparably damaged, important examples of architecture. Behind several of these damages, it is known among experts in the sector that bad management of the safety interventions of the buildings must be recognized. Emblematic cases can be identified in the earthquakes that, between 1997 and 2017, struck the regions of Abruzzo and Umbria in Italy.Continue reading “How Cultural Divide can put Cultural Heritage at Risk”
Earthquakes pose a big threat to cultural and heritage buildings. Normally, historic buildings are more vulnerable to seismic actions than ordinary ones. So, also the artifacts that such buildings normally protect are subject to damages, due to the debris and, sometimes, to fires ignited by earthquakes.Continue reading “Earthquakes and Cultural Heritage: the STOP Vademecum to help first responders limiting damages to buildings”
One of the main problems of emergency management in case of damage reported by historic buildings after an earthquake is represented by immediate damage assessment. In fact, nowadays it is not possible to use techniques other than the personal evaluation carried out by first responders.
On April, 6th 2009 the Italian city of L’Aquila and the surrounding area have been striken by a 6,3 Mw earthquake, causing 309 victims, more than 1.600 injured and 10 billion euro of damages.
On August 24th, 2016 a severe earthquake has hit an area in Central Italy approximately among the city of Amatrice and Norcia. The quake, that has been followed by months of replicas (especially on 26th October and 30th October) has killed nearly 300 people and damaged or destroyed a number of heritage buildings (churches, houses, walls, towers etc.).
In many cases, it has not been possible to implement with the necessary timing temporary shoring or putting in safety measures. Therefore, in the shocks happened the weeks after the 24th August, some buildings that had been damaged, but not destroyed, have collapsed.
The numerous debris, which was not possible to remove, due to administrative difficulties in moving them in appropriate areas, have prevented sometimes to approach the buildings and, therefore, to let firefighters operate safely.
Moreover, the sheer size of the area affected and the number of works to be protected caused delays in the processing of putting in safety works projects. The projects, in fact, must be drawn from engineers, but have to be approved by the competent body for the protection of cultural heritage.
VENICE – SCUOLA GRANDE DI SAN GIOVANNI EVANGELISTA
20 September 2012: International Workshop – Protecting historic centres during emergencies
The Italian National Fire Corps (CNVVF) has organized the meeting, which will address to historical centers emergencySeptem,nbre . The use of IT technologies in this field and the techniques used to put in place provisional works to save historical buildings after an earthquake will be shown, with reference to the l’Aquila earthquake experience.
Some presentation will show problems of fire protection in historical buildings.
Session 1 – Technical codes and case studies –
Chairman Maurizio Crovato (Chief editor of RAI International)
- 10.00 Nfpa 909 and 914 and statistics – Donald Moeller – Deborah Freeland (NFPA)
- 10.20 Fire standards in Italy: problems and solutions – Luca Nassi (CNVVF)
- 10.40 Toronto Distillery district – Fred Leber (Leber/Rubes Inc.)
- 11.00 Protection of the Historical Architecture and criteria of Equivalent Safety – Renata Codello (Soprintendency of Venice)
- 11.50 Thun Castle – Francesco Notaro, Emanuele Gissi (CNVVF)
- 12.10 Lexington Historic district – Danny Mac Daniel (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation)
- 12.30 FSE applied to historical building in Venice – Andrea Ferrari – Luciano Nigro (AIIA – SFPE Italian Chapter)
- 12.50 Alaska Historic Area – Steve Peterson (US Department of the Interior)
13.10 Questions and discussion
Session 2 – Emergency management – Chairman Loris Munaro (CNVVF)
- 14.30 ICT and emergencies in historic districts – Stefano Marsella (CNVVF)
- 14.50 Mass Notification – Tom Norton (Norel Service Company) – Wayne Moore (Hughes Associates, Inc)
- 15.10 Heritage buildings and the L’Aquila and Emilia earthquakes: lessons learnt – Marco Cavriani (CNVVF) – Stefano Grimaz (Udine University)
- 15.30 Training the staff to fire and other emergencies: the National Trust experience – Steve Emery (English Heritage)
DOWNLOAD THE LEAFLET: Venice Provisional Program – vers. 29.8.2012
In 217 A.D. Rome’s Colosseum was slightly damaged by a fire. Since Rome is built in a seismic area and there is an earthquake reported during September 217 A.D. ,Rome Univerity La Sapienza’s Professor Enzo Cartapati has studied the possibility of a fire event due to the seismic event.
Together with Maurizio Cerone, Prof. Cartapati has conducted a structural analysis of Colosseum’s stone columns, in order to understand if actually the fire occurred after the seismic shock.
The presentation of such work, presented during the April 11th 2003 Conference “Integrating Historic Preservation with Security, Fire Protection, Life safety and Building Management Systems”, can be downloaded from this website: